Tried, Tested and Proven

Vulnerability title: Arbitrary File Upload In X2Engine Inc. X2Engine

CVE: CVE-2015-5074
Vendor: X2Engine Inc.
Product: X2Engine
Affected version: 4.2
Fixed version: 5.2
Reported by: Simone Quatrini

Details:

It was discovered that authenticated users were able to upload files of any type providing that the file did not have an extension that was listed in the following blacklist:

 const EXT_BLACKLIST = '/\.\s*(?P<ext>html|htm|js|jsb|mhtml|mht|xhtml|xht|php|phtml|php3|php4|php5|phps|shtml|jhtml|pl|py|cgi|exe|scr|dll|msi|vbs|bat|com|pif|cmd|vxd|cpl|ini|conf|cnf|key|iv|htaccess)\b/i';

However, there is another common (not present in regexp) that allow PHP execution: .PHT. It is therefore possible to execute any PHP code on the remote system.

Impact:

Permitting the uploading of arbitrary files could result in highly damaging content such as malware, indecent images, viruses and/or pirated software being uploaded and stored, and later downloaded. In addition, the storage of such material could quite possibly have serious legal implications for the hosting organisation.

In this case, an attacker could exploit the functionality to upload server scripts which, when requested by a browser, would execute code on the server.

Exploit:

Exploit code not required.

Remediation:

The vendor has released a patch however it is also possible to add new extensions such as PHT to the existing blacklist.

Vendor status:

15/09/2014 Submitted initial contact via web form on X2Engine’s page
30/09/2014 Second initial contact message sent via web form
08/12/2014 Final chaser sent via their web form
20/01/2015 Automated response from the X2 website received on 08/12/2014. Attempting to contact the email address that it was sent from “john@x2engine.com”. If no response by the end of the week will start forced disclosure process
21/01/2015 Initial vendor response, details over vulnerability sent
26/02/2015 Chaser sent to vendor
17/04/2015 Second chaser sent to vendor
08/06/2015 Chaser sent to vendor. Unsure if his emails are getting through to us as he stated that he has been replying
08/06/2015 Vendor responded stating that they needed vulnerability details even though I had sent them months ago
09/06/2015 Vendor is approximately 75% through fix and will have a patch out within the next few weeks
26/06/2015 MITRE assigned CVE-2015-5074
13/07/2015 Vendor asked for CVEs to add to their page. Should be ready for publish soon when they have given their clients time to patch
22/07/2015 Email from vendor stating that they released the fix for this on 13/07/2015 and asked when we would be disclosing
23/07/2015 Vendor has asked if we wait off until they release their next major update (At some point in the next 2 weeks). Confirmed this is fine and to contact us when they have a release date confirmed for it
24/08/2015 Replied to the vendor
26/08/2015 Vendor confirmed that they are ready for us to publish
18/09/2015 Published
Copyright:

Copyright © Portcullis Computer Security Limited 2015, All rights reserved worldwide. Permission is hereby granted for the electronic redistribution of this information. It is not to be edited or altered in any way without the express written consent of Portcullis Computer Security Limited.

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